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Harinama diksha

Srila Prabhupada giving initiation

 

Within The Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya, there are two initiations given to the aspiring devotee. The first is the Hari Nama diksha. This is when the spiritual master carefully observes  the sincerity of the disciple, traditionally for at least one year. The disciple has to chant the holy name of the Lord with a regular discipline according to particular vow and follow four regulative principles, i.e. no illicit sex, no intoxication, no gambling, and no meat eating.

When the spiritual master sees that the disciple is following these vows and also has assumed the consciousness of obedience to the Guru, obedience in service of the Guru, then the spiritual master awards the Hari Nama initiation. At this point, the disciple vows to chant 16 rounds of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra daily and also to follow the four regulative principles. The Spiritual Master Gives a spiritual names to His disciple, thus spiritualizing His existence. Thus, a formal link between the Guru and the disciple is established. The disciple is then eternally connected to the disciplic succession of all previous Acharys and Vaishnavas. In this way,  He becomes a part of this family, the spiritual family.

The second initiation is the brahmin initiation. When one takes this initiation, He is not given another spiritual name. For being eligible for this initiation, one has to have taken the Hari Nama diksha. During the brahmin initiation, the Devotee is given the sacred brahmin thread by his spiritual master and spiritual master chants the Gayatri Mantra in the right ear of the disciple. When one takes the Brahmin initiation there is great responsibility upon the disciple. Srila Prabhupada expected His Brahmin disciples to exhibit in their behavior as well as in their words the true qualities of a Vaishnav Brahmin. That means by their example and by their words, they teach to the human society the path Back Home Back to Godhead.

Goddess Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi

Lakshmi is the Hindu Goddess who governs all forms of wealth and success and the paths, means and results to all forms of Prosperity. She is the consort of the Lord Vishnu. Lakshmi Devi is the Goddess of Health and Beauty. Sri Lakshmi embodies Sublime Beauty, Siddhi, Peace, Strength, Balance, Auspiciousness, Opulance and Wisdom. Because Lakshmi possesses all of these good and noble qualities, She embodies infinite wealth symbolizing that good and noble qualities are the only wealth we can keep. 
Lakshmi Devi is always depicted sitting or standing on a lotus with golden coins flowing in an endless stream from one of her hands symbolic of when the lotus of wisdom blossoms, the wealth of good and noble qualities appears and Lakshmi’s blessings are present. 
 
Mother Lakshmi is the One who bestows the 16 types of wealth:(1) Fame; (2) Knowledge; (3) Courage and Strength; (4) Victory; (5) Good Children; (6) Valor; (7) Gold, Gems and Other Valuables; (8) Grains in abundance; (9) Happiness; (10) Bliss; (11) Intelligence; (12) Beauty; (13) Higher Aim, High Thinking and Higher Meditation; (14) Morality and Ethics; (15) Good Health; (16) Long Life.
 
 
Appearance of Goddess Lakshmi:

 
Goddess Lakshmi, The Goddess of Fortune appeared during the churning of the Ocean of Milk. As the next result of the churning,  many things emerged from the ocean, such as Airavata, two celebrated gems-Kaustubha-mani and Padmaraga-mani, Apsaras, etc. After the Apsaras, Goddess Lakshmi appeared. She appeared like electricity, surpassing the lightning that might illuminate a marble mountain. Due to her exquisite beauty, her bodily features, her youth, her complexion and her glories, everyone, including the demigods, the demons and the human beings, desired her. They were attracted because she is the source of all opulences. After been properly celebrated with an auspicious ritualistic ceremony, She began moving about, holding in her hand a garland of lotus flowers, which were surrounded by humming bumblebees. Smiling with shyness, her cheeks decorated by her earrings, she looked extremely beautiful. Approaching the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the goddess of fortune placed upon His shoulders the garland of newly grown lotus flowers. In this way, Goddess Lakshmi appeared.
 

View names of Goddess Lakshmi

View names of Ashta Lakshmi

Ashta Lakshmi

Ashta Lakshmi

Lakshmi Devi has 8 primary forms. These 8 forms are personified as Ashta Lakshmi (Ashtalakshmi). These eight forms are as follows:

(1) Adilakshmi: Mother Lakshmi resides with Lord Narayana in Vaikuntha, the abode of Lord Narayana. She is known as Rama, which means "bringing happiness to the mankind". She is also known as Indira (who holds lotus or purity). In this form, Lakshmi is normally seen serving Sri Narayana. Adi Lakshmi or Rama Lakshmi serving Sri Narayana is symbolic of her serving the whole creation. Adi Lakshmi and Narayana are not two different entities but one only. Lakshmi is Shakti. Lakshmi is the Power of Narayana.

(2) Dhanyalakshmi: Dhanya means grains. Lakshmi is the Goddess of the Harvest and the Devi who blesses with abundance and success in harvest.

(3) Dhairyalakshmi: This form of mother Lakshmi grants the boon of infinite courage and strength. Those, who are in tune with infinite inner power, are always bound to have victory. Those who worship mother Dhairya Lakshmi lead a life with tremendous patience and inner stability.

(4) Gajalakshmi: In the holy book of Srimad Bhagavata the story of the churning of the ocean by Gods and demons is explained in detail. Sage Vyasa writes that Lakshmi came out of the ocean during the churning of the ocean (Samudra Manthan). So she is known as a daughter of the ocean. She came out of the ocean sitting on a full-bloomed lotus and also having lotus flowers in both hands with two elephants by her sides holding beautiful vessels.

(5)Santanlakshmi: In the family life, the children are the greatest treasure. Those who worship this particular form of Sri Lakshmi, known as a Santan Lakshmi, are bestowed with the grace of mother Lakshmi and have wealth in the form of desirable children with good health and a long life.

(6) Vijaylakshmi: Vijay is victory. Vijay is to get success in all undertakings and all different facets of life. Vijay is to conquer the lower nature. Hence those, with grace of mother Vijay Lakshmi, have victory everywhere, at all time, in all conditions.

(7) Dhanalakshmi: Dhana is wealth. Wealth comes in many forms: Nature, Love, Peace, Health, Prosperity, Luck, Virtues, Family, Food, Land, Water, Will Power, Intellect, Character, etc. With the grace of mother Dhana Lakshmi we will get all these in abundance.

(8) Vidyalakshmi: Vidya is education. Serenity, Regularity, Absence of Vanity, Sincerity, Simplicity, Veracity, Equanimity, Fixity, Non-irritability, Adaptability Humility, Tenacity, Integrity, Nobility, Magnanimity, Charity, Generosity and Purity are the eighteen qualities imbibed through proper education that only can give immortality.

Lord Ganesha

Lord Ganesha

The joyous elephant-faced deity known as Ganesha is revered by one billion hindus worldwide. Ganesha is often seen as the remover of obstacles, as the guardian at entrances and as a spiritually potent figure who can avert all evil influences. He is the god to be worshiped first, before all religious ceremonies, public and private. Ganesha is a popular hero whose image adorns the walls of shops, homes, and temples throughout India. Even for people unfamiliar with Indian culture or the Vedic literature, Ganesha is perhaps the easiest of all demigods to identify, with his human body, elephant head, and potbelly.

He is usually pictured standing, sitting, or dancing, with his jolly elephant face looking straight ahead. Ganesha is at times depicted with quill on palm leaf, for as Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata, Ganesha served as the scribe to write it down. Sometimes he is depicted with one tusk missing, a piece of which can sometimes be found in one of his four hands. In another hand he sometimes holds a hatchet (parasu), which, according to some texts, is for cutting away illusion and false teachings. Another of Ganesha's hands often gestures fearlessness and reassurance (varada-hasta-mudra). He also holds a goad (ankusa), like that used by an elephant trainer, symbolizing his insistence on proper training or spiritual discipline. He sometimes holds a noose (pasa) used for restraining wild animals, here representing the restraint of passion and lustful desires. Sometimes he is seen holding sweets (modaka), for which he is said to have an inordinate fondness.

Vedic texts reveal that Ganesha is the son of Shiva and Parvati. The story of His birth is quite peculiar. Once, Parvati, wanting to seclude herself from her passionate husband, Shiva, especially while bathing, creates a son from her perspiration and appoints him the guardian of her quarters. Soon after, when Shiva seeks admission into Parvati's inner chambers, Ganesha, unaware of Shiva's identity, refuses him, pushing him away from Parvati's door. Enraged, Lord Shiva summons his attendants (ganas) to do away with this bothersome upstart. But Ganesha defeats them one by one. Finally Vishnu arrives, and drawing upon His maya (mystic potency) He creates confusion on all sides. This enables Shiva to cut off Ganesha's head.

Parvati, furious at what has become of her "son," decides to send a multitude of goddesses to harass the demigods. These celestial women succeed in making it clear to the noble gods that their queen can be appeased only if her guardian is revived. Shiva then tells the gods to go north and cut off the head of the first living being they see. The head is to be mystically placed on the body of the decapitated Ganesha, who will then come back to external consciousness. As fate would have it, the first living being to cross the path of the gods is an elephant.

View names of Lord Ganesha

Ashta Vinayak
Photo of Ashta Vinayaka (eight forms of Lord Ganesha)

Lord Shiva

Lord Shiva

The Birth of Lord Shiva:
 
The pastime of Lord Shiva's birth is described in Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.12.7-13): "Although Brahma tried to curb his anger, it came oaut from between his eyebrows, and a child of mixed blue and red was immediately generated. After his [Shiva's] birth, he began to cry: "O destiny maker [Brahma], teacher of the universe, kindly designate my name and place.". The all-powerful Brahma, born from the lotus flower, pacified the boy with gentle words, accepting his request, and said: Do not cry. I shall certainly do as you desire. Thereafter, Brahma said: "O chief of the demigods, you shall be called by the name Rudra by all people because you have anxiously cried. My dear boy, I have already selected the following places for your residence: the heart, the senses, the air of life, the sky, the air, the fire, the water, the earth, the sun, the moon, and austerity. My dear Rudra, you have eleven other names: Manyu, Manu, Mahinasa, Mahan, Shiva, Atadhvaja, Ugrareta, Bhava, Kala, Vamadeva, and Dhrtavrata. You also have eleven wives, called the Rudranis, and they are as follows: Dhi, Dhrti, Rasala, Uma, Niyut, Sarpi, Ila, Ambika, Iravati, Svadha, and Diksa. 
 
General Information:
 
Shiva is among the most widely worshiped deities in India. With names such as Mahadeva ("the great god") and Nataraja ("the king of dancers"), he is venerated in ancient holy cities like Benares, where Saivites (as his worshipers are called) devote their lives to him, viewing him as the Supreme Lord. The fact is, He is supreme. As the scriptures say, "Srimad-Bhagavatam is supreme among Puranas just as the Ganga is the greatest of all rivers, Lord Acyuta [Visnu] the best among deities, and Lord Sambhu [Shiva] the greatest among devotees of Lord Vishnu [vaisnavanam yatha sambhu]." (Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.13.16) According to this and similar statements, Shiva may correctly be considered the greatest at least among devotees but among gods the supreme is Vishnu. Shiva is superior to Brahma, who is an empowered soul (jiva), but Shiva is not quite on the same level as Visnu. It is therefore said that Shiva is a unique living being who merits his own category, known as Shiva-tattva.
 

Lord Shiva, the best of the demigods :

Lord Shiva, also called Rudra, is the demigod in charge of the material mode of ignorance (tamo-guna), and he is in charge of destruction. He is worshiped by persons who are influenced by ignorance, and he supervises their activities.

ananta brahmande rudra sadasivera amsa
gunavatara tenho, sarva-deva-avatamsa

“Rudra, who is an expansion of Sadashiva and who appears in unlimited universes, is also a gunavatara [qualitative incarnation] and is the ornament of all the demigods in the endless universes.” (Cc. Adi 6.79) 

Thus, Lord Shiva is a demigod, albeit the best of them. Yet he also has another feature: He is a pure devotee of the Supreme Lord and the service and worship of pure devotees of Lord Krishna is most highly recommended for everyone:

yat-sevaya bhagavatah
kuta-sthasya madhu-dvisah
rati-raso bhavet tivrah
padayor vyasanardanah

“The service of the feet of pure devotees vanquishes one’s material distresses and enables one to develop transcendental ecstasy in the service of the Personality of Godhead, the unchangeable enemy of the Madhu demon.” (SB 3.7.19)

View names of Lord Shiva

12 Jyotirlingas
A Photo of the 12 Jyotirlingas

Goddess Durga

Durga mata

In India "the Goddess" is known by the names such as Durga, Kali, Amba, etc. and whether referred to by her Greek name, Gaia, her African name, Ashun, her Egyptian name, Isis, or any of the hundreds of names by which she is known throughout the world, the Goddess is enjoying great popularity today everywhere, especially in the United States and Europe.The popularity of the Goddess is understandable. The material world is her domain, her jurisdiction given to her by Krishna.

The Brahma-samhita (5.43), one of the oldest scriptures known to man, describes four levels of existence: The highest is Krishna's own abode, the kingdom of God in its most profound manifestation; just below that is Hari-dhama, the place of the other spiritual planets; lower still is Mahesa-dhama, the dwelling place of Shiva and his devotees; and finally there is Devi-dhama, the material world, where the Mother of the Universe, the Goddess, controls the living entities who have chosen to try to enjoy separately from Krishna. Devi-dhama consists of fourteen planetary systems, from the lowest planet in the material world to the highest. The Supreme Lord's external potency, who is the shadow of His knowledge potency, is worshiped by all people as Durga, the creating, preserving, and destroying agent of this mundane world.

When people in India speak of Devi, "the Goddess," they generally mean Durga, who creates, maintains, and destroys within the material sphere. Durga is elaborately described in many of the Vedic books known as Upa-puranas, or "lesser Puranas," particularly in the Devi Bhagavata Purana. As the consort of Shiva, she is known as Parvati, Gauri, Uma, Devi, and Bhavani. She has thousands of other names and forms as well. Durga's characteristics are diverse, and they appear differently according to the aspect on which her worshiper chooses to focus. Gauri, Uma, and Parvati are the most benevolent, often portrayed as loving and kind. Durga is often represented as a heroic fighting goddess and to people who don't know the purpose behind her actions, she or her alter ego Kali may sometimes even seem bloodthirsty.

Durga is also identified with prakrti (material nature) and maya (illusion). Indeed, two of her more popular names are Mulaprakrti ("The Embodiment of Primordial Matter") and Mahamaya ("The Great Illusion"). In Bhagavad-gita (9.10) Krishna says, mayadhyaksena prakrtih suyate sa-caracaram: "The material energy [prakrti] is working under My direction, O son of Kunti, and is producing all moving and unmoving beings." Prakrti is Durga. So Krishna is in control, giving direction to Durga, His subordinate. And when one doesn't acknowledge that, Durga becomes Mahamaya she places us under illusion.

View names of Goddess Durga


A photo of the Nine Forms of Goddess Durga

Servants of Lord Krishna

1) Most prominent servants of Lord Krsna: 

(These servants carry Krishna's venu and murali flutes, buffalo-horn bugle, stick, rope and other paraphernalia.)

01. Bhangura 02. Brngara 03. Sandhika 04. Grahila
05. Raktaka 06. Patraka 07. Patri 08. Madhukantha
09. Madhuvrata 10. Salika 11. Talika 12. Mali
13. Mana 14. Maladhara    

 

 

 

 

2) Betel nut Servants of Lord Krsna:

01. Pallva 02. Mangala 03. Phulla 04. Komala
05. Kapila 06. Suvilasa 07. Vilasaksa 08. Rasala
09. Rasasali 10. Jambula    

 

 

 

 

3) Servants Who Provide Aromatic Substances:

01. Sumanah 02. Kusumollasa 03. Puspahara 04. Hara

 

 

4) Decorators:

01. Premakanda 02. Mahagandha 03. Sairindhra 04. Madhu
05. Kandala 06. Makaranda    

 

 

5) Maidservants of Lord Krsna:

01. Dhanistha 02. Candanakala 03. Gunamala 04. Ratiprabha
05. Taruni 06. Induprabha 07. Sobha 08. Rambha
09. Kurangi 10. Bhrngari 11. Sulamba 12. Alambika

 

 

 

 

6) Spies of Lord Krsna:

01. Catura 02. Carana 03. Dhiman 04. Pesala

 

 

7) Gopa Messengers of Lord Krsna:

01. Visarada 02. Tunga 03. Vavaduka 04. Manorama
05. Nitisara      

 

 

8) Gopi Messengers of Lord Krsna:

01. Paurnamasi 02. Vira 03. Vrinda 04. Vamsi
05. Nandimukhi 06.Vrindarika 07. Mela 08. Murali

 

 

9) Other servants:

Payoda and Varida are the most important of the servants engaged in carrying water for Lord Krishna.

Saranga, Sumukha, Durlabha, Ranjana and Bakula are the most important of the servants engaged in expertly washing Lord Krishna's laundry.

Vimala and Komala are engaged in various services such as caring for the Lord's kitchen.

Svaccha, Susila and Praguna are engaged in various services, such as caring for the Lord's hair, massaging Him, giving Him a mirror and

guarding over His treasury.

Sobhana and Dipana provide lamps for the Lord.

Sudhakara Sudhanada and Sananda play the mrdanga for Krishna's satisfaction.

Vicitrarava and Madhurarava are the leaders of the talented an virtuous poets who compose prayers glorifying Sri Krishna, while Candrahasa,

Induhasa and Candramukha are leaders of the servants who dance for the Lord's satisfaction.

Kalakantha, Sukantha, Sudhakantha, Bharata, Sarada, Vidyavilasa, Sarasa and others are learned in the arts of all kinds of literary composition.

Raucika is the tailor who sews clothes for the Lord.

Punyapunja and Bhagyarasi are the two sweepers who clean the area around Krishna's home.

Rangana and Tankana are goldsmiths who make ornaments for the Lord. Pavana and Karmatha are potters who make drinking vessels and jugs for

churning butter.

Vardhaki and Vardhamana are carpenters who serve the Lord by building carts, couches and other objects. Sucitra nd Vicitra are talented artists

who paint pictures for the Lord.

Kunda, Kanthola and Karanda are craftsmen who make ropes, churning rods, axes, baskets, balances for carrying heavy objects and various other

ordinary utensils.

Associates of Yashoda

 

01. Vatsala

15. Dhamanidhara

02. Kusala

16. Paksati

03. Tali

17. Pundi

04. Medura

18. Sutunda

05. Krpa

19. Tusti

06. Sankini

20. Anjana

07. Bimbini

21. Tarangaksi

08. Mitra

22. Taralika

09. Subhaga

23. Subhada

10. Bhogini

24. Mallika

11. Prabha

25. Angada

12. Sarika

26. Sallaki

13. Niti

27. Vena

14. Kapila

28. Vartika

Along with these associates, Yashoda devi had two dear friends – Ambika and Kilimba. Ambika and Kilimba are the two nurses who fed Krishna with their breast milk.

Associates of Nanda Maharaja

 

01. Mangala

14. Saurabheya

02. Pingala

15. Kala

03. Pinga

16. Ankura

04. Pitha

17. Dhurina

05. Pattisa

18. Cakranga

06. Sankara

19. Utpala

07. Sangara

20. Kambala

08. Bhrnga

21. Supaksa

09. Ghatika

22. Saudha

10. Saragha

23. Harita

11. Pathira

24. Harikesa

12. Dandi

25. Hara

13. Kedara

26. Maskara

 

 

Lord Balarama

Lord Balarama

Balarama is sixteen years old and full of the luster of youth. He has a fair complexion, like the colour of crystal. He wears blue garments and a garland of forest flowers. He wears blue garments and a garland of forest flowers. His handsome hair is tied in a graceful topknot. Splendid earings decorate His ears. His neck is splendidly decorated with garlands of flowers and strings of jewels. His arms are splendidly decorated with bracelets and armlets. 

Lord Balaram is the first personal expansion of  Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. All other incarnations expand from Him. In Krishna's pastimes, He plays as Krishna's elder brother. Together Krishna and Balarama enact many pastimes as cowherd boys in the land of Vrndavana. Lord Balarama carries a plough and club and is known for His great strength. He appeared as the son of Vasudeva and Devaki. Revati devi and Varuni devi are His eternal consorts. 

In Gaura lila, He appeared as Lord Nityananda.

 

View names of Lord Balarama

Sri Gadadhara Pandita

Gadadhara Pandita

Gadadhara Pandita is among the group known as the Panca-tattva, consisting of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and four of His closest associates. Gadadhara Pandita spent most of his life in Jagannatha Puri worshiping the Tota-Gopinatha Deity, who is still worshiped in Puri. Gadadhara Pandita is considered an incarnation of Srimati Radharani. Lalita gopi always follows Srimati Radharani, and therefore she is known as Anuradha (Radha's follower). When Srimati Radharani appeared as Gadadhara Pandita, Lalita followed her, entering the body of Gadadhara Pandita. Therefore, Gadadhara Pandita is the incarnation of both Srimati Radharani and Lalita gopi. 
 
Sri Gadadhar was the consant companion of Mahaprabhu from the time of their childhood. His father's name was Sri Madhva Misra and his mother's name Sri Ratnavati-devi. They lived very near the house of Sri Jagannatha Misra in Mayapura. Ratnavati-devi thought of Saci-devi as her own sister, and always used to visit her. During their childhood, Sri Gaura Hari and Gadadhara would play together, sometimes at Mahaprabhu's house and sometimes at Gadadhara's house. They both studied together at the sameschool. Gadadhara was a few years younger then Nimai. Nimai couldn't remain without Gadadhara even for a moment and Gadadhara likewise couldn't stand to be separated from Nimai
 
Gadadhara Pandit also took the renounced order of life and went to Jagannatha Puri to be with Lord Caitanya. Accepting ksetra sannyasa (a renunciate who never leaves the dhama), he served the Deity of Tota-Gopinatha with full love and devotion. Regularly, Sri Krishna Caitanya carne to relish Sri Gadadhara's rasika reading of Srimad Bhagavatam. Lord Caitanya concluded His manifest pastimes by entering the Deity of Tota-Gopinatha. Although Gadadhara Pandit was barely forty-eight when the Lord departed, he quickly became old because of the intense anguish he felt in separation from his beloved Lord Gaurasundara. He couldn't stretch his arms to offer a garland to his Deity. Understanding His servant's difficulty, Sri Tota-Gopinatha sat down to facilitate Gadadhara's loving service. To this day, Sri Tota-Gopinatha is the only sitting Deity of Krishna. According to some authorities, a short time after Lord Caitanya's disappearance Sri Gadadhara Pandit joined His eternal pastimes by entering his beloved Deity of Tota-Gopinatha.
 

Sri Srivasa Pandita

Srivas Pandita

Srivasa Pandita is one of The Foremeost Acharyas and He is Considered to be The Avatara Of Narada Muni. Srivasa Pandit appeared in Srihatta, West Bengal, about 30 years before Lord Gauranga. Srivasa Pandit, fifth member of the Panca-tattva lived in Navadvipa before the advent of Lord Caitanya. He led his younger brothers— Srinidhi, Sripati, and Srirama— in worshipping Lord Krishna, performing devotional service, and bathing thrice daily in the Ganges. On his order, they moved to Navadvipa and began to associate with the senior respected Sri Advaita Prabhu. Meeting with Sri Advaita Acarya Prabhu, they studied Bhagavatam, performed Hari-nama sankirtana, and prayed for an incarnation of the Supreme Lord. Srivasa Pandit and his wife, Malini Devi, became intimate friends of Jagannatha Misra and Sacimata. When Lord Visvambhara appeared, the hearts of all the devotees were filled with parental affection (vatsalya bhava). After the birth of Lord Caitanya, Malini would regularly visit and give advice to the younger Sacimata on how to raise her wonderful child. She served Nimai as a nurse.
 
It was in Srivasa Pandita's house that Sri Caitanya enacted His pastimes of sankirtana. Srivasa Angana was located two hundred yards north of Nimai’s house. Srivasa Pandit’s palatial home had large comfortable rooms, a high protective boundary wall, and lush densely foliated gardens and groves. Everynight Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu and His dearest friends would enjoy ecstatic kirtans here and taste the mellows of Vrindavana. Within Srivasa Angana Lord Gauranga showed His divine form to all His eternal associates. The house of Srivasa Pandit served as the headquarters of Gauranga’s Sankirtana Movement. The daily Bhagavatam classes, nightly kirtans, and many confidential Vraja pastimes of Lord Gauranga occured over here.
 
Srivasa Pandit and Sri Advaita Acarya, the learned chiefs of the brahmana community, dedicated all their energy to the Lord’s Hari-Nama Sankirtana Movement. They surrendered their bodies, minds, homes, friends, family, and all possessions to Lord. Gaura’s service. They knew no other gods or goddesses. Srivasa Pandit maintained his family, not because they were his relatives, but because they were Sri Caitanya’s loving servants.
 
Read more about Srivasa Pandita at www.gaudiyahistory.com

Lord Narsimha Deva

Lord Narsimha Deva

Lord Narasimha is the fourth incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu who incarnated to kill Demon Hiranyakashyapu and to save his devotee Prahlada. In this avatar, Lord Vishnu appeared in the Half lion-Half man form.

According to Bhagavata Purana, demon Hiranyakashipu performed vigourous tapa(austerity) to please Lord Brahma for taking revenge on the Devas as his brother Hiranyaksha was killed by Lord Vishnu,and to conquer the universe. After performing tapa for a long time the demon Hiranyakashipu got a boon from Brahma such that He cannot be killed neither by a human being nor by an animal,neither by a demon nor by a God,not with a weapon, neither in day nor in the night,neither inside nor outside. So after getting a boon he returned to his kingdom and began to conquer the Earth. He also defeated the demigods. I the meantime, He got a child named Prahlada.The demon Hiranyakashapu,wished that his son learnt the asura vidyas and become a powerfull king of asuras. He thus sent him to a guru,and prahlada refused to leave Lord Vishnu's Devotion. 

Demon Hiranyakashipu, with the pride of his boon and in a thought of conquering The whole Earth, declared himself as God and stopped all Vishnu poojas(worships). Prahlada told his father that Lord Vishnu is the only god and he would not accept his father(i.e. Hiranyakashipu) as a God. Hiranyakashipu was extrmely enraged and ordered his servants to kill Prahlada.The servants threw Prahlada from top of mountains,and in to the sea,in to snakes dungeon and also into the fire.But Prahlada prayed to Lord Vishnu and thus He was protected. The servants took him to the Demon Hiranyakashipu and He asked Prahlada that where is Lord Vishnu present, in order to fight with him. Prahlada replied that He is present every where. He asked Prahlada, "Is your Lord Vishnu present in this pillar". Prahlada replied "Yes, He is present in this pillar". The Demon Hiranyakashapu took his mace and was about to beat the pillar to find Lord Vishnu and fight with him.At that moment Lord Vishnu emerged from the pillar as Lord Narsimha. A fierce fight unsued between Lord Narsimha and Hiranyakashipu. Finally, Hiranyakashipu was completely tired and exhausted.

Then at dusk, Lord Narismha took Demon Hiranyakashipu on his thighs and sat at the exit of the court, which was neither inside nor outside. It was the time of dusk – neither day nor night. With his nails He opened Hiranyakashipu's stomach (which is not a weapon) and killed him. In this way, He protected His devotee -Prahlada Maharaja.

View Names of Lord Narsimha

Advaita Acharya

Advaita Acharya

The foremost of all the Vaisnavas who reside at Navadvip is Sri Advaita Acarya, whose virtuous presence has made all the worlds blessed. He is the most preminent preceptor in all fields including knowledge, renunciation and devotion. In explaining Krsna-bhakti he is like Lord Sankara himself and whatever scriptures that exist within the three worlds, He explains them in the light of Krsna-bhakti.

With the intense eagerness he continually worshiped Sri Krsna with Tulasi manjaris and Ganges water. By the momentum of his spiritual force, his loud shouts pierced the coverings of this universe and resounding throughout Vaikuntha, reach the ears of Sri Krsna. Hearing this loving summons saturated with devotion, Sri Krsna  advented Himself as Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

On the seventh day of the bright fortnight of the month of Magh, the great ocean of ecstasy swelled to its limits, being forcibly attracted by the moon of Advaita, who appeared from the womb of Sri Nabhadevi as the moon appears in the autumn sky. His father, Sri Kuvera Pandit floated in that ocean of joy. In great happiness he gave many gifts in charity to the brahmanas. Advaita Acarya is the combined incarnation of Maha Visnu and Sadasiva (who resides in Goloka). His two consorts, Sita and Sri are manifestations of Yoga Maya.

It is said that if Advaita Acharya is kind to a person, naturally Lord Chaitanya and Nityananda will also be kind to that person. Hence, unless one receives the mercy of Sri Advaita Acharya, one cannot avail of the mercy of Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda.

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Lord Rama

Lord Rama

Lord Sri Ramacandra is the seventh avatara of the Dasavatara(Ten main incarnations). In the pastimes of Lord Ramacandra, the dignity of moral codes is established. Therefore, Sri Ramacandra is known as Maryada Purushottama (the best form of the Supreme Lord in following codes of morality). Sri Rama’s pastimes exhibit all rasas up to vatsalya rasa (parental affection). Sri Ramacandra vowed to accept only one wife-‘eka patni vrata dhara’. Therefore, no one else can worship Him as a husband. Kanta-rasa (conjugal mood) is not exhibited in these pastimes.
Sri Rama appeared in The Solar dynasty. His dynasty is also known as The Raghu dynasty. Hence, Lord Rama is also known as Raghunandana(which means "The son of the Raghus"), Rabhunatha(whuch means "The Lord of the Raghus"), Raghava(which means "The one who is born in the dynasty of King Raghu"), etc. He appeared as the son of King Dashratha and Queen Kaushalya in the province of Ayodhya. Bharata, Lakshman and Shatrughna appeared as His brothers. Sita Devi is His beloved consort. 

 

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Srimati Sudevi

Sudevi

Sudevi is the eighth of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost sakhis). She is sweet and charming by nature. She is the sister of Rangadevi. Her husband is Vakreksana, the younger brother of Bhairava. Her marriage with Vakreksana was arranged by his younger brother. Her form and other qualities are so similar to those of her sister Rangadevi that they are often mistaken for one another. Sudevi always remains at the side of her dear friend Srimati Radharani. Sudevi arranges Radharani's hair, decorates Her eyes with mascara and massages Her body.

She is expert in training male and female parrots and she is also expert in the pastimes of roosters. She is an expert sailor and She is fully aware of the auspicious and inauspicious omens described in the Sakuna-sastra. She is expert at massaging the body with scented oils, she knows how to start fires and keep them burning and she knows which flowers blossom with the rising of the moon.friends of Sudevi are expert at constructing leaf-spitoons, playing music on bells and decorating couches in various ways. 

Sudevi's friends are entrusted with the decoration of the Divine couple's sitting place. Sudevi's friends act as clever spies, disguising themselves in various ways and moving among Radharani's rivals (Candravali and her friends) to discover their secrets. Sudevi's friends are the deities of Vrindavana forest and they are charged with the protection of the forest birds and bees. Sudevi is the leader of these gopis. her Seva is to bring water. Her age is 14 years, 2 months and 4 days.In gaura-lila she appeared as Sri Vasudeva Ghosh.

The chief sakhis in Sri Sudevi’s group are Kaveri, Carukavari, Sukesi, Manjukesika, Harahira, Harakanti, Haravalli and Manohara.

Srimati Rangadevi

Sri Rangadevi

Rangadevi is the seventh of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost sakhis). Her complexion is the color of a lotus filament and her garments are the color of a red rose. She is seven days younger than Srimati Radharani. Her personal qualities are much like those of Campakalata. Her parents are Karuna-devi and Rangasara.

Ranga-devi is always like a great ocean of coquettish words and gestures. She is very fond of joking with her friend Srimati Radharani in the presence of Lord Krishna. Among the six activities of diplomacy she is especially expert in the fourth: patiently waiting for the enemy to make the next move. She is an expert logician and because of previous austerities she has attained a mantra by which she can attract Lord Krishna

Ranga-devi's friends are expert at burning aromatic incense, carrying coal during the winter and fanning the divine couple in the summer.Ranga-devi's friends are able to control the lions, deer and other wild animals in the forest. Ranga-devi is the leader of all these gopis. Her seva is offering candana. Her home is in Yavata, and her age is 14 years, 2 months and 4 1/2 days. In Kali-yuga she appears in gaura-lila as Gadadhara Bhatta. 

The chief sakhis in Sri Rangadevi’s group are Kalakanti, Sasikala, Kamala, Prema Manjari, Madhavi, Madhura, Kamalata and Kandarpa-sundari.

Srimati Indulekha Devi

Indulekha devi

Indulekha is the sixth of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost gopis). She has a tan complexion and wears garments whose colour is like that of a pomegranate flower. She is three days younger than Srimati Radharani. Her parents are Sagara and Vela devi and her husband is Durbala. She is contrary and hot-tempered by nature. Noble Indulekha is learned in the science and mantras of the Naga-sastra, which describes various methods of charming snakes. She is also learned in the Samudraka-sastra, which describes the science of palmistry. In her hand she carries the auspicious messages of the divine couple. In this way She creates the good fortune of Radha and Krishna by creating Their mutual love and attraction.

Indulekha-devi is fully aware of the confidential secrets of the divine couple. Some of her friends are engaged in providing ornaments for the divine couple, others provide exquisite garments and others guard the divine couple's treasury. Indulekha-devi is the leader of all these gopis. Her age is 14 years, 2 months and 10 1/2 days. Her principal seva is fanning The Divine Couple with a camara. In Gaura lila she appears as Vasu Ramananda.

The chief sakhis in Indulekha's group are Tungabhadra, Citralekha, Surangi, Rangavatika, Mangala, Suvicitrangi, Modini and Madana.

Srimati Tungavidya devi

Sri Tungavidya devi

Tungavidya is the fifth of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost sakhis). Her complexion is the colour of kunkuma and the fragrance of her body is like sandalwood mixed with camphor. She is fifteen days younger than Srimati Radharani. Tungavidya is hot-tempered and expert at dissimulation. She wears white garments. Her parents are Puskara and Medha-devi and her husband is Balisa. She has full faith in Krishna. She is very expert at arranging the meeting of the divine couple. She is learned in rasa-sastra (transcendental mellows), niti-sastra (morality), dancing, drama, literature and all other arts and sciences.

She is a celebrated music teacher expert at playing the vina and singing in the style known as marga. Tungavidya is the leader of those gopis who are especially engaged in fetching water from the streams in Vrndavana.She is very devoted to her seva (service) of dancing and singing, etc. Her age is 14 years, 2 months and 22 days. In gaura-lila she appears as Sri Prabodhananda Sarasvati Thakura. It is also said that She appears as Vidya Vachaspati.

Some of the sakhis in Tungavidya’s group are Manjumedha, Sumadhura, Sumadhya, Madhureksana, Tanumadhya, Madhusyanda, Gunacuda and Varangada.

Srimati Citra devi

Citra

Citra is the fourth of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost gopis). Her fair complexion resembles the color of kunkuma and her garments are the color of crystal. She is 26 days younger than Srimati Radharani. When Lord Krishna is full of bliss, she becomes satisfied. Her father is Catura, the paternal uncle of Suryamitra. Her mother is Carcika-devi. Her husband is Pithara. Citra-devi can read between the lines of books and letters written in many different languages, perceiving the hidden intentions of the author. She can understand the tastes of various foodstuffs made with honey, milk, and other ingredients simply by glancing at them.

She is expert in playing music on pots filled with varying degrees of water. She is learned in the literature describing astronomy and astrology, and she is well versed in the theoretical and practical activities of protecting domestic animals. she is very devoted to her seva of bringing cloves and garlands.Her age is 14 years, 7 months and 14 days.In gaura-lila she appears as Sri Govindananda.

The chief sakhis in Sri Citra’s group are Rasalika, Tilakini, Sauraseni, Sugandhika, Vamani, Vamanayana,Nagari and Nagavallika.

Srimati Campakalata Devi

Campakalata

Campakalata is the third of the ashta sakhis (eight topmost sakhis). Her complexion is the color of a blossoming yellow campaka flower and her garments are the colour of a blue-jay's feature. She is one day younger than Srimati Radharani. Her father is Arama, her mother is Vatika-devi and her husband is Candaksa. Her qualities are much like those of Visakha. She is expert at the art of logical persuasion, and she is skilled diplomat who knows how to thwart Srimati Radharani's rivals.

Campakalata is expert at collecting fruits, flowers, and roots from the forest. Campakalata is an expert cook who knows all the literature describing the six flavors of cooking.Of all these gopis who are appointed as protectoresses of the trees, creepers, and bushes of Vrndavana, the leader is Campakalata-devi. Her seva is to offer jewelled necklaces and to fan with a camara. Her age is 14 years, 2 months and 13 1/2 days. In gaura-lila she appears as Sri Sivananda Sen.

The chief sakhis in Campakalata’ group are Kurangaksi, Suracita, Mandali, Manimandana, Candika, Candralatika, Kandukaksi and Sumandira.

Srimati Visakha Devi

Visakha devi

Visakha devi is the second most important of the ashtasakhis (eight topmost gopis). Her attributes, activities and resolve are all much like those of her friend Lalita. Visakha was born at the exact same moment as her dear friend Srimati Radharani appeared in this world. Visakha's garments are decorated with stars and her complexion is like lightning. Her father is Pavana, the son of the sister of Mukhara-gopi and her mother is Daksina-devi, the daughter of the sister of Jatila. Her husband is Bahuka gopa. Her seva is dressing and decorating. Her dress resembles the stars in the evening sky, and her complexion is cream-colored with a tinge of red (gaurangi). Her age is 14 years, 2 months and 15 days.She appears in gaura-lila as Sri Ramananda Raya.

Visakha-devi is the intimate friend of the divine couple.She takes up the work of carrying messages between Radha and Krishna and she is the most intelligent and expert of all the gopi messengers. She is also expert at joking with Lord Govinda and she is the perfect counsellor of the divine couple. She is expert at all aspects of amorous diplomacy and She knows all the arts of how to conciliate an angered lover, how to bribe him and how to quarrel with him.

The cheif sakhis in Sri Visakha’s group are Malati, Madhavi, Candrarekha, Subhanana, Kunjari, Harini, Surabhi and Capala.

Srimati Lalita Devi

Lalita devi

Lalita is famous as Srimati Radharani's constant companion and follower. Lalita is contrary and hot-tempered by nature. Her complexion is like the yellow pigment gorocana and her garments are like peacock feathers. Her age is 14 years, 8 months and 27 days. Her mother is Saradi-devi and her father is Visoka. Her husband is named Bhairava. He is a close friend ofGovardhana-gopa. Among these most exalted gopis who are most dear to Krishna, the leader and controller is Lalita-devi. In gaura-lila, she has assumed the form of Sri Svarupa Damodara Gosvami.

Lalita-devi is full of ecstatic love for the divine couple. She is expert at arranging both Their meeting and Their conjugal struggle. Sometimes, for Radha's sake, she offends Lord Madhava.The beauty of all the other gopis appears to be conserved in the form of Lalita-devi. In an argument her mouth becomes bent with ferocious anger and she expertly speaks the most outrageous and arrogant replies.When the arrogant gopis pick a quarrel with Krishna, she is in the forefront of the conflict. When Radha and Krishna meet, she audaciously remains standing a little away from them.

The chief sakhis in Lalita’s group are Ratnarekha (or Ratnaprabha), Ratikala, Subhadra, Candrarekhika (or Bhadrarekhika), Sumukhi, Dhanistha, Kalahamsi and Kalapini.

Lord Nityananda

Lord Nityananda

Lord Nityananda appeared as Lord Caitanya's principal associate for spreading the congregational chanting of the holy names of the Lord. He especially spread the holy name of the Lord throughout Bengal. Mahaprabhu cannot be approached or understood without the mercy of Nityananda Prabhu. His garments resemble a cluster of blue lotus flowers and His effulgence is said to surpass the grandeur of a rising moon at sunset. He has a deep melodious voice, constant singing the glories of Sri Krishna and carries a red stick with benedictions for the devotees, but feared by the demoniac. He has the carefree mood of a wild avadhuta, so absorbed is He in the love of Godhead, and no one knows what He will do next.

Nityananda Prabhu was born on the auspicious shukla-trayodashi (thirteenth day of the bright fortnight)in the month of Magha(January-February) as the son of Hadai Pandita and Padmavati in Ekacakra in 1473. As a child, Nitai (as Nityananda Prabhu was called), loved to enact the pastimes of Sri Krishna or Lord Rama. He did this so authoritatively and with such rapture, that the entire village would be immersed in the love of Godhead.During His marriage feast, Lord Nityananda saw Vasudha's sister Jahnavi serving out prasadam in her 4-armed form. He recognized her as his eternal potency, so He took her as His wife also.

Lord Nityananda incarnates as His plenary expansion Ananta Sesa. As Lord Sesa He transforms His body to become the garments, bracelets, and other ornaments worn by Lord Visnu and Lord Krsna. Expanding again as the pastime-potency, lila-sakti, Lord Sesa is aware of all the details of Lord Krsna's confidential pastimes. Lord Nityananda is the second body of the Lord, manifesting as Balaram to Sri Krishna, Lakshman to Sri Ram and Nityananda Prabhu to Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

Read more about Lord Nityananda at www.gaudiyahistory.com

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Lord Chaitanya

Lord Chaitanya

Lord Chaitanya is none other than the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna Himself. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna, advented Himself as Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, appearing in Sridhama Mayapura in the city of Navadvipa, Bengal in the year 1407 AD. Sri Krishna Caitanya manifested his divine mercy in Kali Yuga by delivering the Hare Krishna maha mantra and thereby saving the most fallen souls.

The divine appearance of Sri Krishna Caitanya Mahaprabhu is celebrated on the full moon of the month of Phalguna (February-March). This is the most auspicious day for all Gaudiya Vaisnavas. He appeared as the son of Jagannath Mishra and Srimati Saci devi.

Srimati Radharani becomes greatly depressed when Krishna is not around. Krishna is unable to understand the reason behind this. In order to do so, He incarnates as Lord Chaitanya. Thus, Lord Chaitanya is the incarnation of Lord Krishna in the form of a devotee and with the bhava(mood) of Srimati Radharani.

Read more about Lord Chaitanya at  www.gaudiyahistory.com

 

 

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Lord Vishnu

Lord Vishnu is the all-pervasive Lord who expands into everything. He is the maintainer of the universe and the complete cosmic creation. He is called Vishnu because He overcomes all. He represents sattva-guna, or the mode of goodness by which everything is sustained. He is also called Narayana, which means the shelter, resting place or ultimate goal of all living entities. It also means the one whose abode is the causal waters (Karana Ocean), and one who lives in the hearts of all living beings. It is this sattva nature which gives the living beings the tendency to grow toward a higher truth, the light, a more cohesive and intense reality. In this sense, Lord Vishnu is also called Hari, or one who removes the darkness of illusion.

 

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There are 3 types of Vishnu :

 

  1. Maha Vishnu

He is an expansion of Lord Krishna.

 

Garbhodaksayi Vishnu

2. Garbhodaksayi Vishnu

He is an expansion of Maha Vishnu. He enters into the Universes created by Maha Vishnu.

 

Ksirodaksayi Vishnu

3. Ksirodaksayi Vishnu

He is an expansion of Garbhodakshayi Vishnu. He enters into the heart of each and every living entity.

Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna

Krishna is the the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The name “Krishna” means “The All attractive one”. He appeared on this earth about 5,000 years ago. He stayed on this earth for 125 years and played exactly like a human being, but His activities were unparalleled. He appeared as the son of Vasudeva and Devaki, but soon had to be moved to Vrindavana due to the atrocities of Kamsa. He was brought up as the son of Nanda Maharaja  and Yasoda.

In Vraja, He enjoyed many pastimes, such as that of stealing butter, Killing demons, Damodara lila, Uplifting the Govardhana Hill, performing the Rasa dance and the list continues.

The Vedas say Krishna is the original person, but that He always appears young and attractive. He knows everything, He contains all of reality, and all other living beings are His inseparable parts. He is the all-powerful, supreme controller of all energies. He is known by different names in different cultures (such as God, Allah, and Jehovah, for example).

 

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64 Qualities of Lord Krishna :

Shrila Rupa Gosvami, after consulting various scriptures, has enumerated the transcendental qualities of the Lord Shri Krishna as follows:

01.beautiful features of the entire body. 
02.marked with all auspicious characteristics. 
03.extremely pleasing. 
04.effulgent. 
05.strong. 
06.ever youthful. 
07.wonderful linguist. 
08.truthful. 
09.talks pleasingly. 
10.fluent. 
11.highly learned. 
12.highly intelligent. 
13.a genius. 
14.artistic. 
15.extremely clever. 
16.expert. 
17.grateful. 
18.firmly determined. 
19.an expert judge of time and circumstances. 
20.sees and speaks on the authority of Vedas, or scriptures. 
21.pure. 
22.self-controlled. 
23.steadfast. 
24.forbearing. 
25.forgiving. 
26.grave. 
27.self-satisfied. 
28.possessing equilibrium. 
29.magnanimous. 
30.religious. 
31.heroic. 
32.compassionate. 
33.respectful. 
34.gentle. 
35.liberal. 
36.shy. 
37.the protector of surrendered souls. 
38.happy. 
39.the well-wisher of devotees. 
40.controlled by love. 
41.all-auspicious. 
42.most powerful. 
43.all-famous. 
44.popular. 
45.partial to devotees. 
46.very attractive to all women. 
47.all-worshipable. 
48.all-opulent. 
49.all-honorable. 
50.the supreme controller. 
51.changeless. 
52.all-cognizant. 
53.ever fresh. 
54.sac-cid-ananda (possessing an eternal blissful body. 
55.possessing all mystic perfections. 
56.He has inconceivable potency. 
57.Uncountable universes generate from His body. 
58.He is the original source of all incarnations. 
59.He is the giver of salvation to the enemies whom He kills. 
60.He is the attractor of liberated souls. 
61.He is the performer of wonderful varieties of pastimes (especially His childhood pastimes). 
62.He is surrounded by devotees endowed with wonderful love of Godhead. 
63.He can attract all living entities all over the universes by playing on His flute. 
64.He has a wonderful excellence of beauty which cannot be rivaled anywhere in the creation. 

Srimati Radharani

Srimati Radharani

General Information

Among all the beautiful gopis Srimati Radharani is the best. She is the topmost devotee of Lord Krishna. Srimati Radharani is the Supreme Goddess and the queen of Vrindavana. Her name means that She is the most excellent worshiper of Lord Krishna.She has many famous friends, headed by Lalita and Vishakha. Her father is Vrishbhanu and Her mother is Kirtida Devi, who is also known by the name, Ratnagarbha Devi. Radharani's elder brother is Sridama and her younger sister is Ananga-manjari. Jatila-devi is Radharani's mother-in-law and Abhimanyu is Radharani's so-called husband. Kutila-devi is Radharani's sister-in-law.  Srimati Radharani's worshipable deity is the sun-god.

Srimati Radharani is expert in all the fine arts and Her transcendental form is like an ocean of nectar. Her splendid bodily luster is like the yellow pigment gorocana, molten gold, or stationary lightning. She wears wonderfully beautiful blue garments and She is decorated with various pearls and flowers.he is very beautiful and She has long nicely braided hair. She is decorated with a garland of flowers and a beautiful pearl necklace. Her splendid forehead is decorated with the red pigment sindura and with beautiful locks of curling hair. Decorated with blue bangles, Her arms have defeated Cupid's staff with their beauty. Her nose is as beautiful as a sesame flower and it is nicely decorated with a pearl. She is anointed with various perfumes. She is splendidly beautiful.

 

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25 Transcendental qualities of Srimati Radharani :

01. She is sweetness personified.

02. She is a fresh young girl.

03. Her eyes are always moving.

04. She is always brightly smiling.

05. She possesses all auspicious marks on her body.

06. She can agitate Krishna by the flavor of Her person.

07. She is expert in the art of singing.

08. She can speak very nicely and sweetly.

09. She is expert in presenting feminine attractions.

10. She is modest and gentle.

11. She is always very merciful.

12. She is transcendentally cunning.

13. She knows how to dress nicely.

14. She is always shy.

15. She is always respectful.

16. She is always patient.

17. She is very grave.

18. She is enjoyed by Krishna.

19. She is situated on the highest devotional platform.

20. She is the abode of love of the residents of Gokula.

21. She can give shelter to all kinds of devotees.

22. She is always affectionate to superiors and inferiors.

23. She is always obliged by the dealings of Her associates.

24. She is the greatest amongst Krishna's girlfriends.

25. She always keeps Krishna under Her control.

The 12 Adityas (Sun Gods)

 

The 12 Adityas

Ruling Month

Solar Month

Lunar Month

1

Dhata

March – April

Madhu

Chaitra

2

Aryama

April – May

Madhava

Vaishakha

3

Mitra

May – June

Shukra

Jyeshtha

4

Varuna

June – July

Suchi

Ashadha

5

Indra

July – August

Nabhas

Shravana

6

Vivasvan

Aug – Sept

Nabhasya

Bhadrapada

7

Tvashtha

Sept – Oct

Isha

Ashvina

8

Visnu

Oct – Nov

Urja

Karttika

9

Amshuman

Nov – Dec

Sahas

Margasirsha

10

Bhaga

Dec – Jan

Sahasya

Pushya

11

Pusha

Jan – Feb

Tapas

Magha

12

Parjanja

Feb – March

Tapasya

Phalguna

 

In each month of the year, it is a different aditya who shines. As Indra, Surya destroys the enemies of the gods. As Dhata, he creates living beings. As Parjanya, he showers down rain. As Tvashta, he lives in the trees and herbs. As Pusha, he makes foodgrains grow. As Aryama, he is in the wind. As Bhaga, he is in the body of all 0living beings. As Vivasvana, he is in fire and helps to cook food. As Visnu, he destroys the enemies of the gods. As Amshumana, he is again in the wind. As Varuna, Surya is in the waters and as Mitra, he is in the moon and in the oceans.

Candravali’s friends:

01. Padma 12. Taralaksi 23. Kunkuma
02. Shyama 13. Manorama 24. Sarangi
03. Saibya 14. Kandarpa manjari 25. Indravali
04. Bhadra 15. Manjubhasini 26. Taravali
05. Vicitra 16. Khanjaneksana 27. Gunavati
06. Gopali 17. Kumuda 28. Sumukhi
07. Palika 18. Kairavi 29. Keli manjari
08. Candrasalika 19. Sari 30. Haravali
09. Mangala 20. Saradaksi 31. Cakoraksi
10. Vimala 21. Visarada 32. Bharati
11. Lila 22. Sankari 33. Kamala